Fusion is the growing or joining of bone which leads to a decrease in the pain caused by a diseased or injured joint.
Spinal fusion surgery joins vertebrae (bones in the spine), so there is no movement between them. This is done for treatment of degenerative conditions but also includes treating instability or weakness of the spine, scoliosis or fractures.
Anterior - posterior fusion, in which both the front and the back of the spine are fused, stabilizes both the front and back of the spine.
It is a procedure used to correct a great degree of spinal instability, such as results from:
Anterior & Posterior Fusion surgery stabilizes the bones (vertebrae) and also includes removing discs or bone spurs that are the cause of back problems.
The anterior portion of the surgery is performed first, followed by the posterior.
The bone graft material is used from another part of the patient’s body (autograft), or from a bone bank (called allograft). Vertebrae are also repaired with artificial materials, such as screws and metal plates. This surgery requires several days of a hospital stay.
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